These proceedings from the 2009 NSTI Nanotech conference provide the most prestigious forum in the world for leading nano scientists. The papers from the conference have been compiled into three volumes to create the most authoritative and comprehensive compendium available across all of nanotechnology. Including the latest information on industrial development, investments, and ventures, each volume explores cutting-edge research and applications. Volume I covers structures, materials, surfaces, fabrication, nanolithography, characterization, along with various novel applications. This volume also examines worldwide research initiatives and education policies.